Bibliographies Compiled by Summer 2002 NEH Institute
Regional Studies for Liberal Arts Learning: An Appalachian Exemplar

Director: Dr. Pete Crow
Ferrum College

Compiled by Becky Bailey

Related Links
Overview of Bibliographies
Ferrum NEH Institutes AppLit Home

Compiler's Note: Expect redundancies to appear in the Appalachian bibliographies; if material you contributed is not included here, please notify Becky Bailey ( and Pete Crow (

AppLit Notes: In Summer 2004, this bibliography was edited but not all links below have been checked and the content of this page, supplied by participants in the 2002 NEH Institute, has not been revised or fully edited. Links collected in 2002 may be outdated. Please send corrections for this page to Tina Hanlon. Similar NEH Institutes have been held at Ferrum College in 2006 and 2008.

Related Links:

Web Site for NEH Institutes 2002 - 2008, Regional Study and the Liberal Arts, Ferrum College. NEH04

Links, Online Articles, and Reference Resources Compiled by Librarian George Loveland for 2004 NEH Institute

Appalachian Course Cluster Web Site, Ferrum College

Appalachian Course Cluster web pages with assignments, study questions, etc. for English 102/207, 2003
(for password contact Pete Crow or Tina Hanlon)

The 2002 Appalachian Cluster Class's Presentation on St. Paul and Dante, VA

The 2001 Appalachian Cluster Class's Presentation on Alleghany County, VA

Reading List for NEH Project Teaching Appalachian Literature, 2000-2001

Overview of Bibliographies:

I. Bibliographies

A. Appalachian Bibliographies

  1. Comprehensive: Marie Tedesco’s from the Appalachian Studies Association website

  2. From Institute Scholars:

    1. Hugo Freund: Appalachia and Regionalism

    2. Ben Judkins: Appalachia and Race

    3. Jack Payden-Travers: Appalachian Bibliography

B. Other Regions and Topics

  1. Bill Conlogue: Northeastern Pennsylvania

  2. Rachel Gholson: Ethnicity, Regional Folklife, The Ozarks & More

  3. Bill Hagen: Films for Regional Study

  4. David and Becky Kamm: Iowa Regionalism Bibliography

  5. Jack Payden-Travers: Globalization

C. Institute Scholars’ Bibliography (works mentioned during discussions)

II. Websites

A. Appalachian Web Sites

B. Others Suggested By Institute Scholars

C. Websites Recorded by Hugo Freund

III. Material Gleaned from Hugo Freund’s Journal of the Institute

A. Books, Articles

B. Videos/Films

Titles and/or subject matter has been included for the websites listed in this document because it should not be assumed that all urls will remain current and active.

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I.A.2. Appalachian Bibliographies from Institute Scholars

I.A.2.a. Hugo Freund: Appalachia and Regionalism Bibliography


Bradshaw, Michael. Regions and Regionalism in the United States. Jackson: Univ. Press, 1988. Discussion of Tennessee Valley Authority and Appalachian Regionalism and Appalachian Regional Commission.

Markusen, A. Regions: The Economics and Politics of Territory. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1987. Good discussion of regionalism.

Important Informing Texts

Hahn, Steven. The Roots of Southern Populism: Yeoman Farmers and the Transformation of the Georgia Upcountry, 1850-1890. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1983. Examines the transformation of the Georgia Piedmont.

Hahn, Steven. "The Unmaking of the Southern Yeomanry." In The Countryside in the Age of Capitalist Transformation: Essays in the Social History of Rural America. Eds. Steven Hahn and Jonathan Prude. Chapel Hill: Univ. of NC Press, 1985. 179-203.

Appalachian Studies

Lewis, Helen L,. et al. Colonialism in Modern America: The Appalachian Case. Boone, NC: Appalachian Consortium Press, 1978.

Paludan, Philip Shaw. Victims: A True Story of the Civil War. Knoxville: Univ. of Tennessee Press, 1981). Violence in Shelton Laurel, North Carolina.

Whisnant, David. "Second Level Appalachian History." Appalachian Journal 9 (Winter-Spring 1982): 115-123.

Feuds, Lynchings and Violence

Pearce, John Ed. Days of Darkness: the Feuds of Eastern Kentuck. Lexington: Univ. Press of KY, 1994.

Waller, Altina. Feud: Hatfields, McCoys and Social Change in Appalachia, 1860-1900. Chapel Hill: Univ. of NC Press, 1988.

Wright, George C. Racial Violence in Kentucky, 1865-1940: Lynchings, Mob Rule and “Legal Lynchings.” Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Univ, Press, 1990. Examines two eras—Reconstruction, and 1880s-1890s; in the latter there were few lynchings in Appalachia.

Appalachian Ethnographies

Batteau, Alan. "Bosbys and Broomsedge: The Semantics of Class in an Appalachian Kinship System." American Ethnologist 9 no.3 (1982): 455-466.

Beaver, Patricia D. Rural Community in the Appalachian South. Lexington: Univ. Press of KY, 1986.

Billings, Dwight and K. Blee, "Reconstructing Daily Life in the Past: An Hermeneutical Approach to Ethnographic Data." Sociological Quarterly 27 no.4 (1986): 443-462.

Brown, James S. Beech Creek: The Social Organization of an Isolated Kentucky Mountain Neighborhood. 1950. Rpt. Berea, KY: Berea College Press, 1988. [Bailey note: Brown’s study was the inspiration for Billing’s and Blee’s new classic, The Road to Poverty.]

Bryant, F. Carlene. We’re All Kin: A Cultural Study of a Mountain Neighborhood. Knoxville: Univ. of Tennessee Press, 1981.

"Cumberland Gap Region." In William Connelley and E. M. Coulter. History of Kentucky. 2 vols. This fourteen-page addendum is an ethnographic sketch including a discussion of the "manners and customs of the people." It also includes five traditional British ballads. [Bailey note: this was entire entry.]

Ford, Thomas. "The Passing of Provincialism." The Southern Appalachian Region: A Survey. Edited by Thomas Ford. Lexington: Univ. Press of KY, 1967. pp. 9-34. Identifies Appalachian cultural traits essential to the Appalachian region: traditionalism, fatalism, individualism, self-reliance, and religious fundamentalism.

Pearsall, Marion. Little Smokey Ridge. Birmingham: Univ. of Alabama Press, 1959.

Scott, Shauna L. Two Sides to Everything: The Cultural Construction of Class in Harlan County, Kentucky. Albany: State Univ. of NY, 1995.

Stephenson, John B. Shiloh: A Mountain Community. Lexington: Univ. Press of KY, 1968.

Appalachian Ethnographies—Historical Reconstructions

Billings, Dwight, K. Blee and L. Swanson, "Culture, Family, and Community in Preindustrial Appalachia." Appalachian Journal 13 (Winter 1986): 154-170. Also see Salstrom’s critique and authors’ replies in Appalachian Journal 13 (Summer 1986): 340-352.

Dunn, Durwood. "Cades Cove: The Life and Death of a Southern Appalachian Community, 1818-1937." Knoxville: Univ. of KY Press, 1988. [AppLit Note: KY or TN Press?]

Kentucky Ethnographies—Historical Reconstructions

Arcury, T. "Household Composition and Early Industrial Transformation: Eastern Kentucky, 1880-1910." Journal of the Appalachian Studies Association 2 (1990): 47-68.

Arcury, T. "Household Composition in Appalachian Kentucky in 1900." Journal of Family History 10 (1983): 183-195.

Billings, Dwight B. and K. Blee. "Appalachian Inequality in the Nineteenth Century: The Case of Beech Creek, Kentucky." Journal of the Appalachian Studies Association 4 (1992): 113-123.

Billings, Dwight B. and K. Blee. "Family Strategies in a Subsistence Economy: Beech Creek, Kentucky, 1859-1942," Sociological Perspectives 33, no.1 (1990): 63-88.

Conti, E. A. "The Cultural Role of Local Elites in the Kentucky Mountains: A Retrospective Analysis." Appalachian Journal 7 (Fall-Winter 1979-1980): 51-68.

Early Kentucky Studies and Novels

Fox, John. A Cumberland Vendetta and Other Stories. New York: Harper Brothers, 1895.

Fox, John. The Little Shepherd of Kingdom Come, 1903.

Fox, John. The Trail of the Lonesome Pine, 1908. Study Guide in AppLit.

Semple, Ellen Churchill. "The Anglo-Saxons of the Kentucky Mountains: A Study in Anthropogeography." Rpt. Bulletin of the American Geographical Society 42 (August 1910): 561-494.

Vincent, George (sociologist) "A Retarded Frontier." American Sociological Review 4 (1898): 1-20.

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I.A.2.b. Ben Judkins: Appalachia and Race Bibliography

Armstead, Robert. Black Days, Black Dust: The Memories of an African American Coal Miner. Knoxville: The Univ. of Tennessee Press, 2002.

Billings, Dwight B., Gurney Norman, and Katherine Ledford, eds. Confronting Appalachian Stereotypes: Back Talk from an American Region. Lexington: The Univ. Press of KY, 1999. See p. 12.

Billings, Dwight B. and Kathleen Blee. The Road to Poverty: The Making of Wealth and Hardship in Appalachia. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2000. See pp. 238-239.

Blee, Kathleen M. and Dwight B. Billings. "Where Bloodshed is a Pastime: Mountain Feuds and Appalachian Stereotyping." Confronting Appalachian Stereotypes: Back Talk from an American Region. Ed. Dwight Billings, Gurney Norman, and Katherine Ledford. Lexington: The Univ. Press of KY, 1999. 119-137.

Cooke, Samuel. Monacans and Miners: Native American and Coal Mining Communities in Appalachia. Lincoln: The Univ. of Nebraska Press, 2000.

Eller, Ronald D. Miners, Millhands and Mountaineers: Industrialization of the Appalachian South, 1880-1930. Knoxville: Univ. of Tennessee Press, 1982. See pp. 47-48.

Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1980. pp. 125-128. Discussion of Appalachians as an ethnic group.

Inscoe, John C. "Race and Racism in Nineteenth-Century Southern Appalachia." Appalachia in the Making: The Mountain South in the Nineteenth Century. Ed. Mary Beth Phillips, Dwight B. Billings and Altina L. Waller. Chapel Hill: The Univ. of NC Press, 1995. 10.

Inscoe, John C. "The Racial Innocence of Appalachia: William Faulkner and the American South." Confronting Appalachian Stereotypes: Back Talk from an American Region. Ed. Dwight Billings, Gurney Norman, and Katherine Ledford. Lexington: The Univ. Press of KY, 1999. 94.

Laing, James T. "The Negro Miner in West Virginia." Blacks in Appalachia. Ed. William T. Turner and Edward J. Cabbell. Lexington: The Univ. of KY Press, 1985. 77.

Lewis, Ronald L. "Beyond Isolation and Homogeneity: Diversity and the History of Appalachia." Confronting Appalachian Stereotypes: Back Talk from an American Region. Ed. Dwight Billings, Gurney Norman, and Katherine Ledford. Lexington: The Univ. Press of Kentucky, 1999. 21-43.

Shapiro, Henry D. Appalachia on Our Mind: The Southern Mountains and Mountaineers in the American Consciousness, 1870-1920 Chapel Hill: Univ. of NC Press, 1978. See p. ix.

Trotter, Joe William, Jr. Coal, Class, and Color: Blacks in Southern West Virginia, 1915-32. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1990.

Turner, William H. "The Demography of Black Appalachia." In Blacks in Appalachia. Eds. William H. Turner and Edward J. Cabbell. Lexington: The Univ. Press of KY, 1985. 238.

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I.A.2.c. Jack Payden-Travers: Appalachian Bibliography

Baker, Christopher Warren. Small Town in the Global Economy: A Case Study of Development and Resistance in a Southern Appalachian Industrial Center. Ann Arbor, MI: UMI, 1995. (UMI Microform 9619591, a dissertation)

Gaventa, John et al, eds. Communities in Economic Crisis: Appalachia and the South. Philadelphia, PA: Temple Univ. Press, 1990.

Hartman, Robert H., ed. Poverty and Economic Justice: A Philosophical Approach. Ramsey, NJ: Paulist Press, 1984.

Lewis, Helen Matthews, Johnson, Linda and Askins, Donald. Colonialism in Modern America: The Appalachian Case. Boone, NC: The Appalachian Consortium Press, 1978.

Toward 1984: The Future of Appalachia. Boone, NC: Appalachian Consortium Press,1975. (Proceedings of the Southern Appalachian Regional Conference, 1974)

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 I.B. Other Regions and Topics (Shared by Institute Scholars)

I.B.1. Bill Conlogue: Northeastern Pennsylvania


Aurand, Harold, ed. Coal Towns: A Contemporary Perspective, 1899-1923. Lexington, Mass: Ginn Custom Publishing, 1980.

Bartoletti, Susan Campbell. Growing Up in Coal Country. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1996. (good photographs)

Beck, John. Never Before in History: The Story of Scranton. Windsor Pub., 1987.

Brestensky, Dennis, Evelyn A. Hovanec, and Albert N. Skomra. Patch/Work Voices: The Culture and Lore of a Mining People. Pittsburgh, PA: Univ. of Pittsburgh Press, 1991.

Davies, Edward. Anthracite Aristocracy: Leadership and Social Change in the Hard Coal Regions of Northeastern Pennsylvania, 1800-1930. Northern Illinois Press, 1985.

Dublin, Thomas. When the Mines Closed: Stories of Struggles in Hard Times. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998.

Hudson, John W. Scenes Along the Rails, Volume I: The Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania.

Kenny, Kevin. Making Sense of the Molly Maguires. Cambridge: Oxford Univ. Press, 1998. [AppLit note: Oxford or Cambridge Univ. Press?]

Korson, George. Black Rock: Mining Folklore of the Pennsylvania Dutch. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1960.

Korson, George: Minstrels of the Mine Patch: Songs and Stories of the Anthracite Industry. Hatboro, PA: Folklore Associates, 1964.

Lantz, Herman R. (with J. S. McCrary). People of Coal Town. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1958.

Miller, Donald L., and Richard E. Sharpless. The Kingdom of Coal: Work, Enterprise, and Ethnic Communities in the Mine Fields. Philadelphia: Univ. of  PA Press, 1985.

Miller, Jason. That Championship Season. New York: Athenaeum, 1972. (a play)

Novak, Michael. The Guns of Lattimer. Transaction Pub., 1996.

Oakley, Ken, and Carol S. Ripic, eds. A History of Bluegrass in New York & Northeastern Pennsylvania. K & C Pub. 1999.

Parini, Jay. The Patch Boys. 1988. (a novel)

Perry, Daniel K. A Fine, Substantial Piece of Masonry: Scranton's Historic Iron Furnaces. Harrisburg, PA: PA Historical Society, 2000.

Pursh, Frederick. Journal of a botanical excursion in the northeastern parts of the States of Pennsylvania and New York during the year 1807. I. J. Friedman.

Report of the Department of Mines of Pennsylvania: Anthracite Region, 1903.

Report of the Inspectors of the Mines. 1870.

Roberts, Peter. Anthracite Coal Communities: A Study of the Demographics of the Anthracite Regions. New York: MacMillan, 1904.

Roy, Andrew Hon. A History of the Coal Miners of the United States: From the Development of the Mines to the Close of the Anthracite Strike of 1902. Ohio: J. L. Trauger Printing Co., 1933.

Salay, David L., ed. Hard Coal, Hard Times: Ethnicity and Labor in the Anthracite Region. Scranton, PA: Anthracite Museum Press, 1984.

Stepenoff, Bonnie. Their Fathers' Daughters: Silk Mill Workers in Northeastern Pennsylvania, 1880-1960. Selingsgrove, PA: Susquehanna Univ. Press, 1999.

Weidensaul, Scott. Mountains of the Heart: A Natural History of the Appalachians. Golden, Colo.: Fulcrum Publishing, 1994.

Wolensky, Robert C., Kenneth C. Wolensky, and Nicole H. Wolensky. Knox Mine Disaster: The Final Years of the Northern Anthracite Industry and the Effort to Rebuild a Regional Economy. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical Society, 1999.

Wolensky, Robert C., Kenneth C. Wolensky, and Nicole H. Wolensky. Fighting for the Union Label: The Women's Garment Industry and ILGWU in Pennsylvania. University Park, PA: Penn. State Univ. Press, 2002.


Fallows, Alice K. "A Woman's Visit to the Coal Fields." Outlook 11 Oct. 11, 1902.

Merwin, W. S. "The Drunk in the Furnace." (poem)

Norris, Frank. "Life in the Mining Region: A Study in Strike-Time Conditions of Living in Representative Mining Towns." Everybody's Magazine. 7 Sept. 1902.

Shopes, Linda. "Oral History in Pennsylvania: A Historiographic Overview." Pennsylvania History. Vol. 60. No. 4, October 1993.

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I.B.2. Rachel Gholson: Ethnicity, Regional Folklife, The Ozarks, & More

Ethnicity, Regional Folklife & culture sites

Alaska Native Heritage Center.

Alaska Native Knowledge Network.

Folk Art—NY City Subway Art.

Hairstyles. Here is a look at images from a film on African American hairstyles of Louisiana. The film considers hairstyle as folk art and personal expression.

Photos Depicting Altars, Nacimientos, and Celebrations of the Traditional Mexican American Christmas Season.

Regional Folklore. This is an interesting site though I would not use its referenced pages as sources without researching them.

"Stately Stitches: Quilted and Embroidered Wall Hangings by Clara Fodor."

 StreetPlay. This is an on-line magazine about street culture in New York City.

Traditional Mexican American Christmas Season Exhibit.

Regional Web Sources: Ozarks

Bittersweet. A magazine on folklife produced by students in the Ozarks. Patterned on the Foxfire Model.

Ozarks Dwellings.

Ozark Folk Center. 

Ozarks Watch. This is a magazine that publishes first hand accounts of life in the Ozarks and researched, reader friendly essays on Ozarks life.

Federal, State, and Folk Center Home Pages

(Though not listed here, nearly every state has a public folklore program and related web site.) 

American Folklife Center.

American Folklore Society Folklore Search Engine. You can search many topics here! Links to most state programs, etc. 

Louisiana's French Traditions

Louisiana Folklife Program. There are maps of the major regions of the state here as well as links to the state's regional folklorists and their ongoing projects. 

Missouri Folklore Society. 

Smithsonian Center for Folklife Programs and Cultural Studies.

Smithsonian Folkways.

South Carolina Folk Center Page.

See the new and improved SCFC recent fieldwork photo gallery: Black gospel; string bands; prison art; Amish quilters and woodworkers; "singing and praying bands"; woodcarvers; Kathak, garba, and garba raas dance; Our Lady of Guadalupe celebrations; SC hash-making, fish fry on the grounds, idiosyncratic vernacular art, and more . . .

Wisconsin Folks. (Go there and then click on Wis. Folks.)

URBAN LEGEND & RUMOR (some regional versions)

Snopes Legend Page.

Urban Legend Archive.

Regional Resources on Cemeteries

Jeane, Donald. "The Traditional Upland South Cemetery." Landscape 18 (1969): 39-41.

Jordan, Terry. "'The Roses So Red and the Lilies So Fair': Southern Folk Cemeteries in Texas." Southwestern Historical Quarterly 83 (1980): 227-258.

Jordan, Terry. 1980. Texas Graveyards: A Cultural Legacy. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982. .

A Florida reference:
Stokes, Sherrie. "Gone But Not Forgotten: Wakulla County's Folk Graveyards." Florida Historical Quarterly 70 (1991): 177-191.

An interesting Canadian, resource:
Paine, Cecelia. Landscape Management of Abandoned Cemeteries in Ontario. ATP Bulletin 24, 2-3 1(992): 59-68.

OZARKS: Region and Folkways

Fiebelman, Ken. Ozark Heritage: Ozark Hills Friends and Neighbors, 1829-2000. Volume 4. Paducah, KY: Turner Pub., 2001.

Froelich, Jacqueline, producer. Arkansas Ozarks African Americans [sound recording]: 1820 to 1950. Fayetteville, AR: 2000.

McNeil, W. K. ed. Ozark Mountain Humor: Jokes on Hunting, Religion, Marriage, and Ozark Ways. Little Rock, AR: August House, 1989.

Rafferty, Milton D. The Ozarks, Land and Life. 2nd ed. Fayetteville: Univ. of AR Press, 2001.

Randolph, Vance. We Always Lie to Strangers: Tall Tales from the Ozarks. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1951.

Rhodes, Richard. The Ozarks. New York: Time-Life Books, [1974].


Ayers, Edward L., et. al. All Over the Map: Rethinking American Regions. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1996.

Becker, Jane S. Selling Tradition: Appalachia and the Construction of an American Folk, 1930-1940. Chapel Hill: Univ. of NC Press, 1998.

Cayton, Andrew Robert Lee. The Midwest and the Nation: Rethinking the History of an American Region. Bloomington: IN Univ. Press, 1990.

Grantham, Dewey W. The South in Modern America: A Region at Odds. New York: Harper Collins, 1994.

Gray, Richard J. Writing the South: Ideas of an American. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1986.

Jones, Loyal and Billy Edd Wheeler, comp. Laughter in Appalachia: A Festival of Southern Mountain Humor. Little Rock: August House, 1987.

Matsumoto, Valerie J. and Blake Allmendinger, eds. Over the Edge: Remapping the American West. Berkeley: Univ. of CA Press, 1999.

Mace, Gordon. The Americas in Transition: The Contours of Regionalism. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Pub., 1999.

Mohl, Raymond A. ed. Searching for the Sunbelt: Historical Perspectives on a Region. Knoxville: Univ. of TN Press, 1990.

Tall, Deborah. From Where We Stand: Recovering a Sense of Place. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1996.

Torrans, Thomas. Forging the Tortilla Curtain: Cultural Drift and Change Along the United States-Mexico Border, From the Spanish Era to the Present. Fort Worth: TCU Press, 2000.

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I.B.3. Bill Hagen: Films for Regional Study

(Primary reference database for film searches is The Internet Movie Database.

The Land. 1941. Dir. Robert Flaherty. Deals with overfarming the land, cotton production.

The River. 1937. Dir. Pare Lorentz, with Virgil Thompson score. Sets up the New Deal rationale for taming rivers (Mississippi) with engineering. Traditional thesis-driven, voiceover documentary style. Interesting to watch with Wild River (1960, dir. Elia Kazan), in which Montgomery Cliff plays a TVA field worker attempting to get people to move; also racial theme.

The Plow That Broke the Plains. 1934. Dir. Pare Lorentz, c. Virgil Thompson. Excellent visuals of dust storms and effects. Analysis of causes still seems accurate, though (as Donald Worster points out in Dust Bowl) the implied (New Deal) solutions may rely too much on technology. The film is so well made and photographed that it exemplifies a familiar conflict between awful problems and aesthetically pleasing presentation.

[Pare Lorentz's The Plow...and The River are now packaged in a DVD with Our Daily Bread. Full title is Our Daily Bread and Other Films of the Great Depression. Check]

The Grapes of Wrath. 2001, 51m. Distributed by Films for the Humanities (, incorporates Lange photos, outtakes of The Plow and the John Ford feature, enacted scenes from the novel, to present historical context and the novel's reception.

Heartsongs. 1992. Dir. Sue Clayton. Excellent at showing pioneer farm life on the northern plains from the perspective of a woman who struggles to adjust to her new husband.

Northern Lights. 1978. Dir. John Hanson. Paraphrasing imdb comment which accords with my memory: Well-crafted "drammentary" of the forming of the Non-Partisan League in North Dakota versus the railroads, banks and granaries controlled by distant Minnesotans.

Harlan County, U.S.A. 1976. Dir. Barbara Kopple. A gripping documentary made in the cinema verite tradition. Kopple and her crew became part of the striking miners' community and were even roughed up at one point. Excellent for capturing the emotions, the commitment, especially of the women, whose participation seems to have turned things around. Holly Hunter feature, The Harlan County War (2000) is supposed to be worthwhile, at a lower level.

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I.B.4. Dave and Becky Kamm: Iowa Regionalism Bibliography

Midwest Books

Cayton, Andrew and Susan Gray. The American Midwest: Essays on Regional History. Bloomington, IN: Indiana Univ. Press, 2001.

Keillor, Garrison. Lake Wobegon Days. New York: Viking, 1985.

Rolvaag, O. E. Giants in the Earth. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1929.

Iowa Books

Andrews, Clarence, ed. Growing up in Iowa: Reminiscences of 14 Iowa Authors. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State Univ. Press, 1978.

Bloom, Stephen. Postville: A Clash of Cultures in Heartland America. New York: Harcourt, 2000.

Corn, Wanda. Grant Wood: The Regionalist Vision. New Haven: Yale University Press for the Minneapolis Institute of Arts, 1983.

Engle, Paul. American Song: A Book of Poems. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran, 1934.

Koren, Elisabeth. The Diary of Elisabeth Koren 1853-55. Decorah, Iowa: Norwegian-American Museum and Luther College,1978.

Smiley, Jane. A Thousand Acres. New York: Random House, 1991.

Wolf, Robert. Heartland Portrait: Stories and Essays of Rural Life/Selected and Edited by Robert Wolf. Lansing, Iowa: Free River Press, 1995.

Young Bear, Ray A. Black Eagle Child: The Facepaint Narratives. Iowa City, Iowa: Univ. of Iowa Press, 1992.

Iowa Periodicals

The Iowan, A Pioneer Communications Publication, Des Moines, Iowa.

Iowa Heritage, Iowa State Historical Society, Des Moines, Iowa.

Iowa Films

Field of Dreams. Dir. Phil Robinson. Universal Studios, 1989.

F.I.S.T. Dir. Norman Jewison. Image Entertainment, 1978.

The Music Man. Dir. Morton da Costa. Book and music by Meredith Wilson. Warner Studios, 1962.

State Fair. Dir. Walter Lang. Music and lyrics by Rodgers & Hammerstein. Twentieth Century Fox, 1945.

Iowa Websites

National Farmers Organization.

State Historical Society of Iowa.

Iowa Writer's Workshop, University of Iowa.

Regional Radio Shows

A Prairie Home Companion (Garrison Keillor). National Public Radio

Whad'Ya Know? (Michael Feldman). National Public Radio.


Civil War Letters. Luther College Archives, Decorah, Iowa (unpublished)

Preus, Linka. Sketchbooks (1850s-60s).Luther College Archives, Decorah, Iowa (unpublished)

Wood, Grant. American Gothic. 1930. Oil on canvas (collection Art Institute of Chicago).

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I.B.5. Jack Payden-Travers: Globalization Bibliography

Amin, Ash and Thrift, Nigel, eds. Globalization, Institutions, and Regional Development in Europe. New York: Oxford Univ, Press, 1994. Contrasting views of the effects of globalization on local economies, culture, etc.

Bonanno, Alessandro, et al., eds. From Columbus to ConAgra: The Globalization of Agriculture and Food. Lawrence, KS: Univ. Press of Kansas, 1994. The Introduction is a good overview of many of the issues raised by globalization.

Chertow, Marian R. and Daniel C. Esty, eds. Thinking Ecologically: The Next Generation of Environmental Policy. New Haven, CT: Yale Univ. Press, 1997. See chapter 6: Globalization, Trade, and Interdependence by Elizabeth Dowdeswell and Steve Charnovitz for a focus on globalization. Other chapters are also helpful for issues of economics, and use, etc.

Dunning, John H. The Globalization of Business: The Challenge of the 1990s. New York, NY: Routledge Press, 1993.

Falk, Richard. Predatory Globalization: A Critique. Cambridge, MA: Polity Press, 1999.

Featherstone, Mike. Undoing Culture: Globalization, Postmodernism and Identity. London: Sage Publications, 1995.

Ferleger, Louis and Jay R. Mandle, eds. Dimensions of Globalization. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 2000. (This is the July 2000 issue of THE ANNALS, a journal of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, vol. 570). Note especially Jon Mindle's article, "Globalization and Justice."

Findlay, Mark. The Globalization of Crime: Understanding Transitional Relationships in Context. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1999. This book raises some interesting questions about how we look at globalization.

Friedman, Thomas L. The Lexus and the Olive Tree. New York: Anchor Books, 2000.

Green, Charles, ed. Globalization and Survival in the Black Diaspora: The New Urban Challenge. Albany, NY: State Univ. of NY Press, 1997.

Greenberg, Stanley B. and Theda Skocpol. The New Majority: Toward a Popular Progressive Politics. New Haven, CT: Yale Univ. Press, 1997. See Part III: Globalization, the Racial Divide, and a New Citizenship.

Hassan, Salah S. and Erdener Kaynak, eds. Globalization of Consumer Markets: Structures and Strategies. Binghamton, NY: International Business Press, 1994.

Hirst, Paul and Grahame Thompson. Globalization in Question: The International Economy and the Possibilities of Governance. Cambridge, MA: Polity Press, 1996.

James, Harold. The End of Globalization: Lessons from the Great Depression. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press, 2001.

Karliner, Joshua. The Corporate Planet: Ecology and Politics in the Age of Globalization. San Francisco, CA: Sierra Club Books, 1997.

Lindsey, Brink. Against The Dead Hand: The Uncertain Struggle for Global Capitalism. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2002.

Maitra, Priyatosh. The Globalization of Capitalism in Third World Countries. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1996.

Ney, Christopher, ed. Guns, Globalization, Greed: A Guide to the New World Economy. New York, NY: War Resisters League, 2000 (?). Magazine-format publication geared toward community activists.

Pells, Richard H. Not Like Us: How Europeans Have Loved, Hated, and Transformed American Culture Since World War II. New York: Basic Books, 1997. See chapter 12: The Globalization of Western Culture.

Schwartz, Peter. When Good Companies Do Bad Things: Responsibility and Risk in an Age of Globalization. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1999.

Smith, Anthony. The Age of Behemoths: The Globalization of Mass Media Firms. New York: Priority Press, 1991. Dated but useful.

The Global Competitiveness Report 2000. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 2000. A publication of the World Economic Forum.

Thomas, Caroline and Peter Wilkin, eds. Globalization, Human Security, and the African Experience. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1999.

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I. C. Institute Scholars' Bibliography (works mentioned during discussions)

*[Bailey note: This has been alphabetized and where possible, at least one scholar who mentioned the work has been noted.]

Awiakta, Marilou. Selu: Seeking the Corn Mother's Wisdom. Golden, Colorado: Fulcrum, 1993. [Carolyn]

Ayers, Edward L. and John C. Willis, eds. The Edge of the South: Life in Nineteenth Century Virginia. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1991. [Dan]

Bailey, Rebecca J. "I Never Thought of My Life as History: A Story of the 'Hillbilly' Exodus and the Price of Assimilation." In Appalachian Odyssey: Historical Perspectives of the Great Migration. Ed. Phillip Obermiller, Thomas Wagner and Edward Bruce Tucker. Westport, Conn: Praeger, 2000. [Bailey: This is the story of my parents' migration from West Virginia to Chicago where they lived from 1955-1964; their experiences and perspective are compared and contrasted with sociological and journalistic accounts of hillbillies in Chicago.]

Billings, Dwight D. and Kathleen M. Blee. The Road to Poverty: The Making of Wealth and Hardship in Appalachia. Cambridge: Oxford Univ. Press, 2000. [Bailey & others: This is widely considered within the ASA as the "new classic" in Appalachian history; it exposes the weaknesses of the old Preindustrial-Industrial paradigm and redefines the parameters of cultural continuity and transformation in Appalachia.]

Burgess, Stanley M. and Ed M. Van der Maas, eds. The New International Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements. Grand Rapids, Mich: Zondervan Publishing House, 2002. [Dan]

Cherniak, Martin. The Hawk's Nest Incident: America's Worst Industrial Disaster. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1986. [Bailey: In the 1930s, the building of the Hawk's Nest tunnel (West Virginia), through a vein of pure silica, resulted in an unknown total of workers' deaths. The discovery of the company's attempt to hide the number of deaths resulted in a federal investigation and threatened the publication of the WPA guide to West Virginia.]

Crawford, Jim. "Bottom Creek: From Community to Conservancy." Smithfield Review 3 (1999): 37-52. [Hugo]

Dykeman, Wilma. The Tall Woman. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1962. Novel. [Hugo, CeCe]

Eller, Lyntha Scott, Terry Eller, and Carl Fleischhauer. Blue Ridge Harvest: A Region's Folklife in Photographs. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1981. [Hugo]

Fisher, Stephen L. "Victim-Blaming in Appalachia: Cultural Theories and the Southern Mountaineer." Prepared for Delivery at the 1975 Annual Meeting of the Southern Political Science Association. Nashville, Tennessee, November 6-8, 1975.

Gaventa, John. Power and Powerless: Quiescence and Rebellion in an Appalachian Valley. Urbana: Univ. of Illinois Press, 1980.

Godfrey, Michael. Field Guide to the Piedmont: The Natural Habitats of America's Most Lived-In Region from New York City to Montgomery Alabama. Chapel Hill: Univ. of NC Press, 1997 [1980].

Hall, Jacquelyn, et al. Like a Family: The Making of a Southern Cotton Mill World. [Dan. Bailey: for those who are interested, this work is also a classic in the use of oral history as a central primary resource for a scholarly monograph.]

Hareven, Tamara K. and Ralph Langenbach. Amoskeag: Life and Work in an American Factory-City. New York: Pantheon Books, 1978. [Crandall Shifflett]

Hennen, John. The Americanization of West Virginia: Creating a Modern Industrial State, 1916-1925. Lexington: Univ. Press of KY, 1996. [Bailey: Those instructed in the impact of the construction of consensus might find this study of the collusion between West Virginia's political, educational, and business elites interesting.]

Inscoe, John, ed. Appalachians and Race: The Mountain South from Slavery to Segregation. Lexington: Univ. of KY Press, 2001.

Ireland, Robert M. Little Kingdoms: The Counties of Kentucky: 1850-1890. Lexington: Univ. Press of KY, 1977. [Bailey: Excellent material on the formation of local politics and behaviors of political elites in eastern Kentucky.]

Jordan, Terry G. and Matti Kaups. The American Backwoods Frontier: An Ethnic and Ecological Interpretation. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1989.

Klotter, James. "The Black South and White Appalachia." Journal of American History 66 no.4 (March 1980): 832-849. [MaryBeth]

Kropotkin, Petr. The Conquest of Bread and Other Writings. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1995. [CeCe, Hugh, Ralph]

Lee, Howard B. Bloodletting in Appalachia: The Story of West Virginia's Four Major Mine Wars and Other Thrilling Incidents of Its Coalfields. Morgantown: West Virginia Univ., 1969. [Denise Giardina. Bailey: Lee was Attorney General of West Virginia in the mid to late 1920s; he is the personification of Wiebe's middle class professional "progressive."]

Lyle, Katie Letcher. Scalded to Death by Steam: The True Stories of Railroad Disasters and the Songs That Were Written About Them. Chapel Hill: Algonquin Press of Chapel Hill, 1991.

Macaulay, David. Mill. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1983. Picture book on construction of a mill. [Dan]

Manning, Russell. The Historical Cumberland Plateau: An Explorer's Guide, 2d ed. Outdoor Tennessee Series. Knoxville: Univ. of Tennessee Press, 1999.

McLeod, Jay. Ain't No Making It: Aspirations and Attainment in a Low-Income Neighborhood. Boulder: Westview Press, 1995. [Ben]

Morgan, Dan. Rising in the West: The True Story of an 'Okie' Family from the Great Depression through the Reagan Years. New York: Knopf distributed by Random House, 1992. [MaryBeth: utilizes oral history]

Nash, Roderick. Wilderness and the American Mind. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 2001, 1967, 1973, 1982. [Ralph]

Perry, Huey. They'll Cut Off Your Project: A Mingo County Chronicle. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1972. [several scholars; Bailey would note that this account of how corrupt Mingo County politicians undermined the War on Poverty programs is missing only a discussion of how Perry became something of a "boss" himself; his father had been a henchmen of Mingo's most powerful and corrupt boss.]

Pope, Liston. Millhands and Preachers: A Study of Gastonia. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1942. [Dan]

Randolph, Vance. Pissing in the Snow and Other Ozark Folktales. Urbana: Univ. of Illinois Press, 1976, [reprinted in 1986 by different publisher] [Rachel]

Scarborough, Dorothy. A Song-Catcher in the Southern Mountains: American Folk Songs of British Ancestry. New York: AMS Press, 1966. [Hugo]

Shriver, Donald. Spindles and Spires: A Re-Study of Religion and Social Change in Gastonia. Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1976.

Smith, Howard A. Index of Southern Potters: An Alphabetized Index of 18th, 19th, and 20th Century Potters, encompassing the states of North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi. Mayodan, NC: Mayo Publishing, 1982 [reprinted in 1996].

Soden, Dennis L. The Tragedy of the Commons: Twenty Years of Policy Literature, 1968-1988. Monticello, IL: Vance Bibliographies, 1989. [Ralph]

Stein, Sara. Planting Noah's Garden: Further Adventures in Backyard Ecology. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1997. [Carolyn]

Thelen, David. Paths of Resistance: Tradition and Dignity in Industrializing Missouri. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1987 [in 1991, publisher change and title change to Tradition and Democracy. ? if substantive change to text] [Dan and Frances studied with Thelen; Bailey: Altina Waller drew inspiration from Paths while working on Feud.]

Tullos, Allen. Habits of Industry: White Culture and the Transformation of the Carolina Piedmont. Chapel Hill: Univ. of NC Press, 1987.

Wiebe, Robert H. The Search for Order: 1877-1920. New York: Hill and Wang, 1967. [Bailey: classic study of middle class progressivism; great source for understanding the mindset and outlook of the middle management (superintendents, company doctors) of the turn-of-the century coal industry.

Williams, John Alexander. Appalachia: A History. Chapel Hill: The Univ. of NC Press, 2002. [Too new to know how it is perceived in ASA community; Bailey will update scholars when reviews and opinions appear.]

Williamson, J. W. Interviewing Appalachia: The Appalachian Journal Interviews, 1978-1992. Knoxville: Univ. of Tennessee Press, 1994. [Cece: included in this is an interview with Jacob Young, the filmmaker of Dancing Outlaw.]

Wilson, Charles Reagan. Baptized in the Blood: The Religion of the Lost Cause, 1865-1920. Athens, Georgia: Univ. of Georgia Press, 1980.

Wilson, Charles Reagan and John B. Boles. Religion in the South. Jackson: Univ. Press of Mississippi, 1985.

Wilson, Charles Reagan. Southern Grace in Dixie: Southern Faiths from Faulkner to Elvis. Athens: Univ. of Georgia Press, 1995 [1987].

Wilson, Kathleen Curtis. Textile Art from the Southern Appalachia[?]: The Quiet Work of Women. Johnson City, Tenn.: The Overmountain Press, 2001.

Wyatt-Brown, Bertram. Southern Honor: Ethics and Behavior in the Old South. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1982.

Zaganell, Sandra. "Narratives of Community: Identification of a Genre." Signs (1989). [Bill C.]

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[Bailey selected these examples from Gordon McKinney's Berea College Appalachian History Course syllabus; Dr. McKinney did not include the authors' first name. This syllabus can be found online at the ASA website.]

Davis. "Before Albion's Seed: Other Influences on Appalachian Culture." Journal of the Appalachian Studies Association (1995): 57-66.

Harkins. "The Significance of 'Hillbilly' in Early Country Music, 1924-1945." Journal of the Appalachian Studies Association (1996): 311-322.

Newcomb. "Appalachia on Television: Region as Symbol in American Popular Culture." Appalachian Journal (1979-1980): 155-164.

Shapiro. "Appalachia and the Idea of America: The Problem of the Persisting Frontier." In J. W. Williamson, ed. An Appalachian Symposium in Honor of Cratis D. Williams. Boone, North Carolina, 1977. 43-55.


1. Tommy Jarrell. Sail Away Ladies. County Records. [CeCe: Charles Frazier listened to this while writing Cold Mountain]

         [Bailey note: available at as: The Legacy of Tommy Jarrell, vol. I Sail Away Ladies (but support your local independent music store if you can)]

To find information about Sprout Wings and Fly and other films featuring Jarrell, go to

2. Josh White. "Silicosis Blues." (About the Hawks Nest Incident in 1930s West Virginia). Freedom: The Golden Gate Quartet/Josh White at the Library of Congress 1940. [Bailey] Available at; about Josh White:

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II. Websites

II.A. Appalachian Websites

(organized alphabetically, not in order of value to scholars)

1. Appalachian Bibliography, 1995-1999. West Virginia University. Jo Brown editor.

2. Appalachian Center for Economic Networks (sustainable communities).

3 Appalachian Community Fund.

4. Appalachian Consortium.

5. Appalachian Cultural Museum. Appalachian State University, Boone, NC.

6. Appalachian Focus (excellent materials on the 2000 Martin County, Kentucky coal slurry spill).

7. Appalachian Life Magazine (history, humor, and culture).

8. Appalachian Regional Commission


Appalachia Magazine: magazine of the ARC.

       Appalachian Reporter (ARC publication, online issues 1996-1998).

9. Appalachian Resources (a compilation of Appalachian institutions' & organizations' websites, by University of Kentucky).

10. Appalachian Resources on the Web (similar to #9; organized by subject, e.g. music; Shepherd College, WV).

11. Appalachian Studies Association.

12. Appalachian Trail.

13. Appalachian Voices (a nonprofit, grassroots organization dedicated to defending Appalachian forests and communities).

14. Appalachian Writers' Association.

15. Appalshop (source for many documentaries on Appalachia).

16. AppLit: (Dr. Tina Hanlon, Ferrum College, Ferrum, VA). Includes valuable links to other sites on Appalachian literature, writers, art, history, etc.

17. Archives of Appalachia. Archives at East Tennessee State University.

18. Blue Ridge Institute and Museum, Ferrum, VA.

19. Center for Appalachian Studies and Services. East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN.

20. University of Kentucky Appalachian Center.

21. Appalachian Center of Berea College.

22. Appalachian Regional Studies Center at Radford University, Radford, VA.

23. Center for the Study of Ethnicity and Gender. Marshall University, Huntington, WV.

24. Center for Virtual Appalachia: (Morehead State University, Morehead, KY): portal for websites relating to many Appalachian subjects, e.g. portrayal in the media: Al Capp's Li'l Abner.

25. Center for Appalachian Studies. Appalachian State University, Boone NC.

26. H-Appalachia: (Appalachia Listserv).

27. The Highlander Center.

28. Now & Then Magazine: The Appalachian Magazine (ETSU-produced: articles, essays, poetry, fiction, photography).

29. Ohio Appalachian Center for Higher Education.

30. Oral History of Appalachia Program. Marshall University, Huntington, WV.

31. Save Our Cumberland Mountains (mentioned by Steve Fisher: a non-profit TN grassroots citizens organization working for environmental, social, and economic justice).

32. Southern Appalachia Archives. Berea College.

33. Southern Appalachia Biodiversity Project.

34. Southern Empowerment Project (group responsible for support of Latinos Unidos).

Other Appalachian-Related Websites

Appalachian Center at Berea College Appalachian Film Series.

1. Affrilachian Poets, including Frank X Walker.

2. Catholic Committee of Appalachia.

3. Dancing Outlaw. Website with Review and Ordering Information for Dancing Outlaw I & II and the film that featured Jessico's father, Mike Seeger and Ruth Pershing's Talking Feet (1989)

4. Harlan County, Kentucky

a)     John Dos Passos' 1931 New Republic article:

b)    Alessandro Portelli: Charles Hardy III and Alessandro Portelli, "I Can Almost See the Lights of Home~ A Field Trip to Harlan County, Kentucky." Journal of Multimedia History 2 (1999).

5. West Virginia Archives and History Center. State Archive Center, Charleston, WV.

6. West Virginia and Regional History Collection. Archive at West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV.

7. West Virginia Public Broadcasting: (several videos available including Even the Heavens Weep (Documentary of West Virginia Mine Wars) and Coal Field Baseball.

8. West Virginia History Course (West Virginia University; Becky Bailey was the research assistant at the beginning of this project: included for those who might be interested in developing a state history course website).

9. "Whose Truth? The West Virginia Coal Mine Wars: Film, Fiction, Music, and History" (Michael Keller, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond Virginia). (found by Ann Alexander).

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II.B. Other Websites of Interest Suggested by Institute Scholars

1. Ralph Luttss's Website (has link to animated continental drift site).

2. Melungeons.

3. Wetlands Estonoa.

4. Place-Based Education Websites of Interest:

The Chautauqua-Cattaraugus Place-Based Education Project.

The Rural School and Community Trust.

5. The Center for the Study of Southern Culture. Charles Reagan Wilson's Center.

6. Historical U.S. Census Data: [Dan]

7. Ethnic NewsWatch & More: [Hugh] "Ethnic NewsWatch" is operated by a company called ProQuest. According to their web site, they have some papers going back to 1960. The number of periodicals they archive is pretty extensive. Their web address is

They also have two other products, neither of which I've used, but they sound interesting: GenderWatch and AltPressWatch. Lexis/Nexis also has an Alternative Press database. I have never used it.

8. Southern Poverty Law Center & More: [Claire] and

9. Service Learning Listserv & More (Inspired by Steve Fisher's visit):

[Contributed by Patricia O'Connor]

* To get on the national (and int'l.) listserv on Service Learning send a message to
Put SUBSCRIBE S-L in the subject line. (If you prefer a digest rather than separate postings you can request this when they send you the FAQ's. I don't find this a "too many messages" group—maybe 3-4 a day. If any of you are wanting jobs in this field or wanting to advertise for s-l coordinators, etc., this is the main list for posting. Interesting postings often from those doing research in s-l, too. They have a good archives.)

To see what is going on with the Educators for Community Engagement (formerly known as the Invisible College)—a network of faculty, staff, community partners and students actively engaged in service learning and community based research look at the this website: This group sponsors a National Gathering each year in late June and adopts the Learning Circle (Study Circles) methodology for its meeting rather than "papers" or presentations. This year's Gathering is in Montana (and I gave up going to this for you guys!!) See details at NOT at a Hilton, Kevin—some folks are lodging in tents! If any of you are interested in learning more about the ECE, I'd be happy to discuss its ideals and efforts further. It is certainly a group of committed s-l practitioners with a core group of activistas!!

Hugo and others—Campus Compact has a good publication just out last year called Service Learning Toolkit—that has about 20 good articles on everything from starting up s-l, charity or justice, how to do reflection; how to do community-based research, etc. The articles come from a variety of disciplines and various journals. See If your campus is Campus Compact member, then there is a reduced price.

10. Harriet Arnow's The Dollmaker (a site created by students of Patricia O'Connor): (Link not functioning 6/3/04)

11. Southern Oral History Program at UNC-Chapel Hill (Founded by Jacquelyn Dowd Hall): [Bill Hagen].

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II.C. Websites Recorded by Hugo Freund  

1. Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities: (link to Jamestown site)

(Hugo has citations for several other Jamestown/non-Appalachian Virginia resources)

2. Frankie Silver Resources by Lana Whited:

3. Denise Giardina—suggested websites:

a.  The political party that supported her gubernatorial bid: (has links to WV environmental groups)

b. Used books for sale by George Brosi.

4. Social Science History Association.

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III. Material Gleaned from Hugo's Journal of the Institute

(Materials already cited in Sections I & II of this document are not repeated here.)

III.A. Books, Articles

Brown, John Seely and Paul Duguid. The Social Life of Information. Boston: Harvard Business School, 2002.

Brox, Jane. Five Thousand Days Like This One: An American Family History. Boston: Beacon Press, 1999.

Chandler, Russell. "Keeping Old-Time Faith . . ." Roanoke Times & World New 4 Jan.1981.

Clark, Martha. The Many Aspects of Mobile Home Living. New York: Knopf, 2000.

Foster, David R. and John F. O'Keefe. New England Forests Through Time: Insights from the Harvard Forest Dioramas. Petersham, MA: distributed by Harvard University Press, 2000.

Kurath, Hans. A Word Geography of the Eastern United States. Ann Arbor: Univ. of Michigan Press, 1949.

Lum, Ray. Mule Trader: Ray Lum's Tales of Horses, Mules, and Men. Jackson: Banner Books, 1998. [Originally published as You Live and Learn, Then You Die and Forget It All. New York: Anchor Books, 1992.]

Porter, Eliot and Edward Abbey. Appalachian Wilderness: The Great Smoky Mountains. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1970.

Rouse, Parkes, Jr. The Great Wagon Road: From Philadelphia to the South. Richmond, Va: Dietz Press, 1995 [1973].

Shearer, Katherine C. Memories from Dante: The Life of a Coal Town. Abingdon, VA: People Incorporated of Southwest Virginia, 2001. []

Smith, Lee, ed. Sitting on the Courthouse Bench: An Oral History on Grundy Virginia. Chapel Hill: Tryon Publishing, 2000.

Spears, Ellen Griffith. The Newtown Story: One Community's Fight for Environmental Justice. Gainesville, Ga.(?): Center for Democratic Renewal & the Newtown Florist Club, n.d. [Newtown Florist Club/1067 DeSota Street/Gainesville GA 30507]

Velke, John A. Baldwin-Felts Detectives, Inc. Richmond, VA: s.n., 1997.

Zebrowski, Carl. Walking to Cold Mountain: A Journey Through Civil War America. New York: Smithmark Publishing, 1999.

III.B.    Addresses, Videos and Films

Address: Virginia Organizing Project: 703 Concord Ave/Charlottesville, VA 22903-5208.


a.     Times Ain't Like They Used to Be: Early Rural & Popular American Music. [Shanachie Entertainment Corporation, P.O. Box 208, Newton, NJ 07860]

b.     Les Blank, Always For Pleasure.

c.     Stranger With a Camera [P.O.V. program on PBS:]

d.     Electric Valley.


[Bailey reminder: re: Appalachia/Southern films, don't forget Hillbillyland by J. W. Williamson as a resource for films and interpretation.]

a.     Last American Hero. 1973. Biopic of NASCAR legend and former moonshine runner Junior Johnson, starring Jeff Bridges.

[Bailey: See material on Johnson at the Appalachian Cultural Museum (at Appalachian State University, if link fails):]

[Bailey: In 1973 Jeff Bridges also starred with Rod Steiger in the Lolly Madonna War.]

b.     Smokey and the Bandit. 1977, and sequels. Burt Reynolds.

c.     Thunder Road. 1958. Robert Mitchum. Mobsters vs. moonshiners.

d.     Walking Tall. 1973. Joe Don Baker. True story of Tennessee sheriff Buford Pusser.

[Bailey comments: 1) What the heck hit Hollywood in 1973? 2) I know someone who was born right after this movie came out and was partly named for Pusser "because he was a great American"; if you think that's the punchline—the kid was nicknamed "Stick" after Pusser's favorite weapon; if you use this anecdote, do it with respect or I'll come after you!]

Other Hugo Notes: Television episodes of Dukes of Hazard & Beverly Hillbillies.

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