AppLit Home Appalachian Tales of Strong Women Tina L. Hanlon

  "Mad Ann(e)" Bailey: Revolutionary War Heroine  


McNeill, Louise. "Ballad of Mad Ann Bailey." Gauley Mountain: A History in Verse. McNeill's book of poems about famous West Virginians and a study guide and related resources are available online and for sale at the Gauley Mountain web site.

Audio version of McNeill's ballad and other Gauley Mountain ballads, 1996. "In 1991 Larry Groce, host of West Virginia Public Radio's 'Mountain Stage,' produced this audio version of 'Gauley Mountain' for radio broadcast within the state on West Virginia Day, June 20 of that year. The Pocahontas Communications Cooperative republished Gauley Mountain in 1996 in a commemorative edition with four essays on McNeill and her work." CDBaby web site (independent music store).

Taylor, L. B. The Ghosts of Virginia. Williamsburg, VA: L. B. Taylor, 1993. Organized by regions of Virginia. Includes the ghost of Mad Ann Bailey.

Bice, David A. Mad Anne Bailey. Illus. Rebecca Wilson. Pringle Tree Series. Jalamap Publications, 1980. 36pp. Biography for children.

Furbee, Mary R. Anne Bailey: Frontier Scout. Greensboro, NC: Morgan Reynolds, 2002. Biography for children. For reviews and additional information on author see Mary R. Furbee's web site

Furbee, Mary R. Outrageous Women of Colonial America. New York: Wiley, 2001. pp. 97-102.  Part 3, on the South, includes two western Virginia women, Anne Trotter Bailey and Mary Draper Ingles. The Introduction points out that the book honors real women, not ones whose histories are overshadowed by legend, such as Pocahontas. An inset in Bailey's section explains indentured servitude. For reviews and additional information on author see Mary R. Furbee's web site.

Dolin, Arnold. Great American Heroines. New York, Hart Pub. Co. [1960]. A children's book that includes Pocahontas, Anne Hutchinson, "Mad Ann" Bailey, Betsy Ross, Molly Pitcher, Barbara Frietchie, Dolly Madison, Sacajawea, Mary Lyon, Dorothea Dix, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Idawalley Lewis, Maria Mitchell, Harriet Tubman, Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Blackwell, Clara Barton, Emma Lazarus, Juliette Low, Jane Addams, Lillian Wald, Amelia Earhart, Helen Keller.

Resmond, Shirley Raye. Patriots in Petticoats: Heroines of the American Revolution. Landmark Books. New York: Random House Children’s Books, 2004. Biographies, for grades 3 and up, of 24 women who fought for liberty in different ways, including Mad Ann Bailey and some women who fought on battlefields.

For more background and discussion on "Mad Ann Bailey," see:

"Anne Bailey." West Virginia Archives and History. WV Division of Culture and History, 2015. Online bibliography with newspaper clippings listed.

"Ann Hennis Trotter Bailey (1742-1825)." Biography with portrait. National Women's History Museum, Education Resources. Born in Liverpool, England, "Ann Hennis Trotter Bailey is known as 'Mad Ann' for her acts of bravery and heroism that were considered to be somewhat eccentric for a woman of her time. She worked as a scout and messenger during the Revolutionary War. Bailey was most known for her 100 mile ride from Fort Clendenin to Fort Savannah in order to bring back much needed gun powder." She may have been an indentured servant when she came to America at age 19. As this web site and other sources observe, there were two other women named Anne Bailey who were famous for participation in the Revolutionary War. Ann or Nancy Bailey tried to enter the militia disguised as a man named Samuel Gay.

Brake, Sherri. Fireside Folklore of West Virginia: [ghosts, Spirits, Legends & Dark History]. CreateSpace Independent Publishing, 2012. Print.

Cammarata, Kathy. "Won't You Come Home, Anne Bailey? A fearless pioneer woman risked her life as a Revolutionary War scout." Southeast Ohio Magazine  Summer/Fall 1997. Ohio University.

Claghorn, Charles E. "Bailey, Ann Hennis: WV." Women Patriots of the American Revolution: A Biographical Dictionary. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1991.

Clem, Gladys Bauserman. Stories of the Shenandoah. Staunton, VA: unknown, 1948. (Book was reprinted online at Family and Local Histories Project but this link not functioning 5/24/15).

Covington, VA. Brief history of Covington includes this description: "Falling Spring, a 200 ft cascading waterfall into a gorge was referred to by Thomas Jefferson for its scenic beauty in his Notes on Virginia, A plaque nearby refers to Indian War figure, Mad Ann Bailey, a frontier woman adept at shooting, riding & swearing."

Fiddlin' to the Spirit of '76 by Bernard Connolly and Rick Connolly. Music: LP recording  Publisher: [Mason, W. Va.?]: Carrie, [197-?]  (information from Worldcat). Includes "Mad Ann Bailey's Ride."

Gwin, Hugh S. Historically Speaking: True Tales of Bath County, Virginia. Warm Springs, VA: Bath County Historical Society, 2001.

Horwitz, Tony. The Devil May Care: Fifty Intrepid Americans and Their Quest for the Unknown. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003. Print. "A collection of biographies, culled from the 'American National Biography', of 50 Americans who have shaped American history by exploring its landscape. The biographies of these explorers and adventurers, chosen for how they lived, what they accomplished, or what they personally mean to editor Tony Horwitz."

Kreiser, Christine M. "Mad Anne Bailey." e-WV: The West Virginia Encyclopedia. WV Humanities Council, 25 Sept. 2012. Web.

Lautenschlager, Hedda. "Bailey, Ann Hennis Trotter." American National Biography Online. Ed. John A. Garraty. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Lewis, Virgil. Life and Times of Ann Bailey: The Pioneer Heroine of the Great Kanawha Valley. Charleston, WV: Butler Print Co., 1891. 2nd ed. Point Pleasant, WV: Discovery Press,  1998. 84 pp. Publisher's description: "Written in the classic Gothic romanticized style, the book reflects the societal attitudes of the late 19th century as Ms. Bailey's life is placed into the context and fabric of our nation's early beginnings. Newly indexed, with supplemental photographs and a map, the book is the most factual biography of Bailey: Lewis was able to interview individuals who conversed with her.

Mad Anne Bailey. DVD. Graphic Enterprises, n.d. "Suzanne Larner Dennis has been portraying Mad Anne Bailey for over two years with live performances throughout the midwest. This DVD was produced in an effort to bring Mad Anne’s story to more people than will see the live performance." Trailer available at this link. YouTube video clips, 2011.

"Mad Ann, The Huntress." United States Magazine, Vol. III, No. 3, September 1856: 235-37. Reprinted at WV Archives and History web site. Includes a list of sources at the West Virginia State Archives Library.

Mason County, WV. The Battle of Point Pleasant. Brief history of the county where Ann Bailey's husband was killed in the Battle of Point Pleasant and where she was buried after dying in her 80s.

Stevens, William Oliver. Famous Women of America. New York, Dodd, Mead, 1950. Biographical book includes Pocahontas and Mad Ann Bailey.

The WPA Guide to the Old Dominion. Tour 21 includes memorial to Mad Ann Bailey on Mad Ann Ridge in Hot Springs, VA. Compiled by Workers of the Writers' Program of the Work Projects Administration in the State of Virginia, 1940. Virginia State Library and Archives in cooperation with the Virginia Center for the Book, Richmond, 1992.

The West Virginians, a 1996 PBS film. See details in AppLit film bibliography at this link.

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Related Appalachian Tales:

Molly Mulhollun pretended to be a man to win a cabin-building contest.

Mary Draper Ingles was the first white woman married west of the Blue Ridge, a legendary heroine who escaped from her Shawnee captors.

Sally Ann Thunder Ann Whirlwind Crockett is the legendary wife of Davy Crockett (who had a real wife as well).

Frankie Silver (subject of true crime legend and ballad) was hanged for the murder of her husband in NC.

This page created 1/22/06   |   Top of Page   |   Last update 5/24/15


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