Chase, Richard. "Jack and King Marock." In The Jack Tales. Boston: Houghton, 1943, pp. 135-50. With three drawings by Berkeley Williams, Jr. King Marock is called a witch and the narrator says in the end that some say he is the devil. Jack beats him at cards but needs help from the king's girl to escape with her. The Appendix lists many variants of Tale Type 313C, The Girl as Helper in the Hero's Flight.

Haley, Gail E. "Jack of Hearts and King Marock." In Mountain Jack Tales. New York: Dutton, 1992. Eight Jack tales and "Muncimeg and the Giant" are introduced by a storyteller named Poppyseed, based on Haley's own grandmother. The other tales are "Jack and the Northwest Wind," "The Lion and the Unicorn," "The Longest Story," "Jack and Catherine," Jack and Uncle Thimblewit," "Jack and the Flying Ship," "Jack and Old Raggedy Bones." Includes a Glossary and Bibliography, as well as discussions "About the Stories" and "About the Art" (black and white wood engravings). (Cassette recording: Louisville, KY: American Printing House for the Blind, 1996.)

"Jack of Hearts and King Marock." In Sing Down the Moon: Appalachian Wonder Tales. Commissioned and first produced at Theater of the First Amendment. George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, 2000. Conceived by Mary Hall Surface (from KY) and David Maddox (from NC). Written by Mary Hall Surface. Lyrics by Mary Hall Surface and David Maddox. Music by David Maddox. Play with music based on Appalachian folktales and songs, including also "Jack and the Wonder Beans," "Catskins," "Jack's First Job," "The Sow and her Three Pigs," and "The Enchanted Tree." Also produced as set of 2 CDs. Photos and background on how the retellings were developed at Sing Down the Moon. Picture, summary of each tale and downloadable script excerpts at Dramatic Publishing Online Catalog. Also produced at Theater at Lime Kiln (Lexington, Virginia, July 2005).

"Jack and Old King Morock." In Charles L. Perdue, Jr., ed. Outwitting the Devil: Jack Tales from Wise County Virginia. Santa Fe, NM: Ancient City, 1987. Perdue reprints the tale from the James Taylor Adams Collection of Virginia folklore, archived in the Blue Ridge Institute. Perdue groups this tale with "Willie and the Devil," in which the devil's daughter helps the hero escape. Copies of these tales collected by Adams in the 1940s will appear in AppLit soon.

"Jack and King Marock." Part of play Appalachian Jack Tales at Sellersville Theater, On Stage & Off (Children's Theater Production company), Sellersville, PA, Summer 2005. With "Jack and the Magic Bean" and "Jack's First Job."

Related Appalachian Tales:

Willie and the Devil has a very similar plot. A version from the James Taylor Adams Collection is reprinted at this link in AppLit.

Davis, Donald. "The Time Jack Learned About Old and New." Jack Always Seeks His Fortune: Authentic Appalachian Jack Tales. Little Rock: August House, 1992. Also published by August House as Southern Jack Tales, 1997. For more details on this book, see Appalachian Folktales in Collections.

Davis, Donald. "Something Old, Something New." In Jack and Granny Ugly. Audio recording. August House Audio, 1997. This 29-minute tale begins with Tom, Will, and Jack leaving home to seek their fortunes one after the other. An old woman comes to the door disguised as the king. Tom and Will try to impress the king but don't let him help with work, so the dinner burns, the guest goes away, and the brothers leave without being heard of again. Only Jack lets the king help with lots of work, and receives a gift from the old woman in disguise. He later uses the death's eye bottle to see that the real king's girl is dying (as in Soldier Jack). He has risked losing his head to get the reward for curing the girl so he knocks the skeleton he sees to pieces with a poker and the girl recovers. The amazed king tests Jack with three tasks before giving him his daughter and crown. The girl knows that a magic old tool instead of a new one must be used to split many trees with an ax, cut with a mowing scythe, and clean the barn with a pitchfork. The girl has to keep reminding Jack to follow her advice as he tries a more useful-looking new tool each time. After he completes each task, Jack tells the king he finishes everything because he is a good boy. When the king then tries to hide the girl in a group of three girls, Jack finally wins by recognizing that the one in old clothes is the one he wants to marry. He later gets tired of being king and hands that job over to his brother.

"Raglif Jaglif Tetartlif Pole." As told by Leonard Roberts. In Jack in Two Worlds: Contemporary North American Tales and Their Tellers. Ed. William Bernard McCarthy. Chapel Hill: U of NC Pr, 1994, pp. 168-203. With a photo of Roberts, an essay on Roberts and the tale, and a transcription of the oral tale that notes vocal and non-verbal features and audience responses. McCarthy identifies "Roberts's favorite story" as "a remarkably full version of" Type 313, The Girl as Helper in the Hero's Flight. A pretty girl helps Jack obtain magic help to complete three impossible tasks (including capturing wild horses) and escape from a man who threatens to cut his head off. The girl has learned "a little magic" from the old man while living with him. Jack and the girl need more magic to run away on a horse named Raglif Jaglif and then get married.

"Raglif Jaglif Tetartlif Pole." In Roberts, Leonard (collector). I Bought Me A Dog, and Other Folktales from the Southern Mountains. Berea, KY: The Council of the Southern Mountains, 1954. N. pag. Small black and white drawings by Mary Rogers. Roberts notes that this Kentucky version of the story was almost lost during the century before he heard it, until a relative told him the tale that had been passed down through her branch of his family.

"Raglif Jaglif Tetartlif Pole" by Leonard W. Roberts. In Jones, Loyal, ed. Appalachian Folk Tales. Illus. Jim Marsh. Ashland, KY: Jesse Stuart Foundation, 2010.

"Jonis and the Giant's Girl." In Roberts, Leonard (collector). I Bought Me A Dog, and Other Folktales from the Southern Mountains. Berea, KY: The Council of the Southern Mountains, 1954. N. pag. Also published as "Jonas and the Giant" in Old Greasybeard: Tales From the Cumberland GapIllus. Leonard Epstein. Detroit:  Folklore Associates, 1969. Rpt. Pikeville, KY: Pikeville College Press, 1980. pp. 68-72. This tale begins a little like "Rapunzel," with a giant claiming a couple's next child if it's a boy, because he did them a favor. The giant takes their son Jonis against their wishes, raising him and three girls he acquires the same way. Jonis wants to marry the prettiest of the three so the giant sets him three impossible tasks, cleaning the barn so that a gold ball won't pick up any dirt on the floor, thatching the barn with feathers that are all different from different birds, and fetching eagle eggs from a tall tree covered with thorns. The girl advises him to take a nap and the first two tasks are done when he awakes. She gives him her fingers to climb up the thorny tree but the giant catches them and Jack forgets to return one of the fingers. As they escape on a horse, the girl cuts down trees with her hands to keep the giant away. They stay at a shoemaker's house and Jonis leaves the girl there to visit his parents. She says he'll forget her if his parent hug him or their dog licks him, and the dog does. The shoemaker's ugly wife runs off after she confuses her reflection with the pretty girl's and thinks she is too pretty for the shoemaker. To pay back the shoemaker, the girl tricks suitors into bringing bags of money. She then dresses up like the other girls when Jonis is going to choose a wife and he recognizes by her missing finger that she is his helper, so they get married and live happily ever after.

"John in the House of Hell." In Roberts, Leonard (collector). Old Greasybeard: Tales From the Cumberland GapIllus. Leonard Epstein. Detroit: Folklore Associates, 1969. Rpt. Pikeville, KY: Pikeville College Press, 1980. pp. 61-64. A poor and hungry man follows a chunk of meant that appears from nowhere as it rolls into a hole in the ground. In Satan's house, Satan gives him impossible tasks to earn the meat. Satan's daughter Mary uses rhymes to clear the newground and dig Satan's gold ring out from under wheat in the barn, in exchange for being taken away. They leave on Satan's finest horse, and Satan has to chase on a bull that he can make jump forty miles, but Mary commands wheat to grow in their way and a river to grow that washes away Satan, his wife, and the bull. John and Mary go back to the palace of hell to rule there but when Satan and his wife return, John and Mary go back to earth, "and they say the same people are up in Harlan County running a coal mine and will give any man a job who will go after it." Gerald Syme, who wrote this story in 1956, heard it from a man who had worked in the coal mines of Harlan County and had heard it there about 1920. See the African American tale "John and the Devil's Daughter," below.

"The Man and the Devil's Daughter." In Roberts, Leonard (collector). Old Greasybeard: Tales From the Cumberland GapIllus. Leonard Epstein. Detroit: Folklore Associates, 1969. Rpt. Pikeville, KY: Pikeville College Press, 1980. pp. 99-105. In a longer tale than "John in the House of Hell," above, a traveling man gets a series of one-year jobs, earning a magic marble that gives him money and a club that will beat people on command, including a thief and a bulldog that threatens him at one stopping place. In one more house he finds "some awful purty girls" working and courts one named Sally, who advises that he must do everything her father says. She instructs him to "stand up and turn around three times and think of me" in order to accomplish impossible tasks such as cleaning tools in the barn in one day and keeping bulldogs that threaten him. When he is thrown in a well with animals and snakes and can't turn around, Sally summons Drinkwell to drink it dry. When Sally and the man escape on a horse, she throws water from a vial behind them and instructs the man to run around a field to make wheat grow, so the farmer will help throw her father off their path. When they marry, Sally makes the man hit her with a maul, which frees her from three devils that leave her, as she was the Devil's daughter. When the Devil finds them, Sally roasts a goose egg until it bursts and that breaks the devil's heart so he leaves them alone. The rescue of the girl is like part of Jack and the Fire Dragon, while Drinkwell also appears in Hardy Hardhead. Roberts' detailed notes refer to tale type 302, the Ogre's (Devil's) Heart in the Egg, as well as other references.

See also Soldier Jack (for the card game with devils).

Noteworthy Girls in Jack Tales and Jack and the Doctor's Girl and Jack and the Giants also list tales in which girls help Jack escape or accomplish impossible tasks.

Compare with:

"John and the Devil's Daughter." In Hamilton, Virginia. The People Could Fly: American Black Folktales. Illus. Leo and Diane Dillon. New York: Knopf, 1985. The daughter instructs John as they flee together from her father (similar to "John in the House of Hell," above).

Charles L. Perdue, Jr., in Outwitting the Devil (see above) refers to another African American version in Richard Dorson, American Negro Folktales. Greenwich, CT: Fawcett Pub., 1967, pp. 268-71.

Mastermaid from Norway, collected by Peter Christen Asbjørnsen and Jørgen Moe in the nineteenth century. Revised translation 2001 by D. L. Ashliman, Univ. of Pittsburgh. Aarne-Thompson type 313.


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