English 207: World
Folktales and Literature
Schedule: Spring 2006
Dr. Tina L. Hanlon
Associate Professor of English
Folktales and Literature Course Home Page
Topics, Readings (due by date indicated on the left)
|T 1/17||Course Introduction to Course and Folk Literature|
Introduction to Types of Folk Literature and Animal Tales
Yolen (Favorite Folktales from Around the World), Introduction and Telling Tales section
Comparing types from oral traditions:
Which tales in Yolen's Telling Tales sections are folktales, which are
pourquoi or creation stories, and which are tall tales or myths or fables any other
Also read several variants of any folktale and do the journal/discussion assignment below. Here is one example based on one of the readings in Yolen's first section, but you can find plenty of examples at Sur La Lune Fairy Tales or in D. L. Ashliman's groups of Folklore and Mythology Online Texts.
|Follow-up from last week: We need to talk more about the
stories you read for last Thursday and the folktale variants you read on
your own, and any remaining questions about types of tales and general
features of folktales, including motifs. Continue studying the
introductions to both anthologies, especially the first 4 pages of
Fables and Folktales -
Lechner, Anthology of Traditional Literature
Yolen, Favorite Folktales Around the World
Read at least one version of "The
Three Little Pigs" or
Three Little Pigs
Big Old Sow and the Three Little Pigs"
Read at least one version of "The Bremen Town Musicians"
or "Jack and the Robbers/Animals/Comrades"
Optional: more info. on "Jack and the Animals" or "Jack and the Robbers" at this link.
Required Literature - "The Owl and the Pussy-Cat" by Edward Lear is online at http://www.the-office.com/bedtime-story/owlpussycat.htm, with some background and illustrations.
Also available at http://edwardlear.tripod.com/ns/pussy.html with Lear's illustrations.
Optional: Look at cover with Jan Brett's illustration at http://www.janbrett.com/owl_book.htm.
Optional: Lobel, Fables is on reserve (award-winning picture book with fables for modern kids)
T. S. Eliot
Chaucer - animal fable
1. T. S. Eliot,
Macavity (from Old Possums Book of
Practical Cats) is online at http://www.cs.rice.edu/~ssiyer/minstrels/poems/258.html.
Optional: read any of the other cat poems by Eliot, or
listen to the soundtrack from the musical Cats, or look at the
lyrics to the musical on reserve in library.
Modern translation: http://www.umm.maine.edu/faculty/necastro/chaucer/translation/ct/21npt.html
Fable/tale to compare with Chaucer: Marie de France, "The
Cock and the Fox" (a source for Chaucer)
Chaucer also online at Bartleby.com: http://www.bartleby.com/40/0201.html and following page. You'll need the footnotes to understand some of the medieval language.
To hear excerpts read out loud in Middle English by a medievalist, go to http://academics.vmi.edu/english/audio/NPT_David.html and http://academics.vmi.edu/english/audio/NPT_Closing_Baragona.html and use RealPlayer (I had to click on the blue title to start the audio.)
Optional: For illustrations and the fable Chaucer's tale is based on, see http://www.luminarium.org/medlit/nptimage.htm.
(especially Anansi and Brer Rabbit and other rabbit tricksters)
Trickster introductions in Lechner 95, 118-22, Yolen 127-8. (Also think about tricksters in stories we've already read.)
Anansi Tales: Yolen 130-31; Lechner 26-27 120, 122-23.
Read as many other tales in Yolen's Trickster chapter as you can,
including "Coyote Fights a Lump of
Pitch, 134-36" and "The King's Son Goes Bear Hunting," 155-56
Optional: Other Uncle Remus tales or Brer Rabbit tales:
A modernized version of the Brer Rabbit/Tar Baby story is this contemporary retelling : http://www.otmfan.com/html/brertar.htm, or read the version in Virginia Hamilton's collection The People Could Fly (on reserve).
"Brer Rabbit and the Well" is told online by popular storyteller Jackie Torrence at Zinger Tales. (other videos also available at this site, including some Anansi tales)
See an illustration of Brer Rabbit with comments from an anti-racist organization that uses Brer Rabbit as its symbol, at http://www.pipeline.com/~rgibson/rouge_forum/brer.htm and an illustration of Brer Rabbit by A. B. Frost at http://www.clarkart.edu/museum_programs/exhibitions_past_detail.cfm?ID=12&nav=2. Compare the Disney image of Br'er Rabbit at http://stp.ling.uu.se/~starback/dcml/chars/brers.html.
See Tar Baby Notes and a storytelling version of the tale at http://www.folktale.net/tarbynts.html.
Brer Rabbit statue in Eatonton, GA (birthplace of Joel Chandler Harris) shown at http://www.cviog.uga.edu/Projects/gainfo/statues/brerrabbit.htm.
Rabbit and Tar Wolf is a retelling by Cherokee children of a Cherokee tale.
1. "The Pied Piper," poem by Robert Browning with famous illustrations by Kate Greenaway
Optional: See The Piped Piper of Hameln and Related Legends of Other Towns, versions of the legend compiled by D. L. Ashliman, or background at Pied Piper Homepage.
2. Boccaccio, "Tale of Peronella," Day 7,
Tale (or novella) 2 from The Decameron.
For a paragraph about the cultural context of The Decameron,
see point 2 on the bottom half of this page:
For a brief trickster tale with sexual humor, see Yolen, "Quevedo and the King," 131-32.
Optional: Read other tales from Day 7 on wives tricking their husbands, or Day 4, Tale 2 from The Decameron
See the beautiful 1916 painting by Waterhouse of the young ladies and men of The Decameron telling their stories, with introduction to the book.
Optional: Look at 15th century illuminated manuscript of The Decameron, at Bodelian Library, Oxford University.
Saki short stories
Read Saki, "The Open Window" and "The Story-Teller" (modern short
stories, available online or in library books)
Read the two stories online at any of these sites:
Quest Tales and Tricksters
1. “The Ship That Sailed on Land,” Lechner 80-84
There is also a version of the Russian "The Flying Ship" online at http://www.rickwalton.com/folktale/yellow29.htm.
See also description of similar Appalachian tales at "Hardy Hardhead," with photos of Jack Tale Players performance of this tale. Richard Chase's "Hardy Hard Head" is on reserve in his book The Jack Tales. An oral variant of this tale, "Jack and Granny Ugly," told by NC storyteller Donald Davis, will be on reserve on CD in the Library.
2. "Jack and the Varmints," Lechner 135-37
See also description of other similar Appalachian tales at "Jack and the Varmints - or - The Lion and the Unicorn."
3. "The Peddler of Swaffham," Yolen 414-15
|T 2/14||TEST I - See Study Guide for Test 1|
Quest Tales - Baum
Baum, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz
For a required Journal/Discussion Assignment, you will be assigned a chapter to report on. See details at this link.
If you want to read more by Baum, his American Fairy Tales are online (and most likely his other books are on other sites).
Review “The Ship That Sailed on Land,” Lechner 80-84, or the Russian "The Flying Ship" online at http://www.rickwalton.com/folktale/yellow29.htm or the Appalachian "Hardy Hardhead" in Richard Chase's Jack Tales (on reserve)
"The Rime of the Ancient Mariner"
by Samuel Taylor Coleridge
(also a transformation tale about the loathly lady)
|Chaucer, The Wife of Baths Prologue and
Tale. Interlinear translation at http://icg.fas.harvard.edu/~chaucer/canttales/wbt
Use this page for background, illustration, and useful
notes on Chaucer's tale and its origins.
Optional: To hear an excerpt read out loud in Middle English by a medievalist, go to http://academics.vmi.edu/english/audio/WOBT_Baragona.html and use RealPlayer (I had to click on the blue title to start the audio.)
For an old illustration of the loathly lady turning beautiful, see http://www.lib.rochester.edu/camelot/IMAGES/EBBBEAUT.HTM.
Optional: See another version of "The Wedding of Sir Gawain and Dame Ragnelle" at http://www.lib.rochester.edu/camelot/TEAMS/RAGINTRO.HTM or at http://www.bartleby.com/182/106.html.or http://www.bulfinch.org/tales/chiv05.html.
Folktales and Dramatic Adaptations
Appalachian Jack Tales
|Folktales - The 3 tales the Jack Tale Players
will perform on Mar. 1 are labeled 1, 2 and 3 below. Be sure you have
read one version of each. If you wish, you can read Rex Stephenson's
script of any of the 3 tales instead of other versions listed below.
The library has a number of copies of The Jack Tales and
Jack's Adventures with the King's Girl by R. Rex
Read "The Script as Story Theatre" by Dr. Rex Stephenson.
1. Read "Jack Goes to Seek his Fortune" or Orville Hicks's "Jack and the Robbers" or Ray Hicks's "Jack and the Robbers" in Ray Hicks/L. Salsi picture book The Jack Tales on reserve (you can listen to the famous storyteller Ray Hicks tell this tale on the CD in the book), or Stephenson's script in The Jack Tales. (This tale is similar to "The Bremen Town Musicians.")
2. Review “The Ship That Sailed on Land,” Lechner 80-84
See also description of similar Appalachian tales at "Hardy Hardhead," with photos of Jack Tale Players performance of this tale. Richard Chase's "Hardy Hard Head" is on reserve in his book The Jack Tales, or read Stephenson's script in Jack's Adventures with the King's Girl.
3. "Wicked John and the Devil," Yolen 35-66, or read Stephenson's script in The Jack Tales.
See also description of other similar tales at "Wicked Jack" or Wicked John and the Devil" in AppLit. For an African American version of this tale, see "How Jack O'Lanterns Came to Be" in Mules and Men by Zora Neale Hurston.
Also review "Jack and the Varmints," Lechner 135-37
See also description of other similar tales at "Jack and the Varmints - or - The Lion and the Unicorn."
|Wednesday, Mar. 1|
|Thur., Mar. 2, 5 p.m.
Story theatre adaptations
Tuesday evening if you want it included in your midterm grade). See Guidelines for Paper 1.
Discussion of Jack Tale performance and tales from Tuesday
Transformation folktales: Yolen section on Shape Shifters. Read "The Swan-Maiden," 303-304; "The Seal's Skin," 310-11; "The Wounded Seal," 311-12, and any others you have time for. (Think back on the loathly lady in "The Wife of Bath's Tale" as another transformation tale, and transformations in other works we have studied.)
Don't forget that I must see your journal at midterm to verify that it has been submitted three times by midterm.
Folktales with animal bridegrooms
Review Yolen Shape Shifters section (especially tales assigned for Mar. 2).
Read "The Red Bull of Norroway" in Lechner, 77-79
Read a version of East of the Sun and West of the Moon
SurLaLuneFairyTales or the Appalachian "The
Three Gold Nuts" (online at this link)
For some similar motifs, see also "The Rusty Little Cook Stove in the Woods" in Lechner, 89-90
Recommended: Live-action film The Polar Bear King (on reserve)
Recommended: poems based on "Beauty and the Beast": "The Beast" by Bill Lewis at http://www.endicott-studio.com/cofhs/cofbeast.html, and "B & B: An Anniversary" by Jane Yolen at http://www.endicott-studio.com/cofhs/cofbbann.html, "Beauty and the Beast" by Jaimes Alsop at http://www.endicott-studio.com/cofhs/cofbeuty.html.
|The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka (1915)
In class we will also discuss picture books with transformations or metamorphoses in modern realistic settings (such as Beetle Boy; Flat Stanley; Imogene's Antlers; Hey, Al; It Happened in Pinsk; Louis the Fish; The Shrinking of Treehorn).
Mon., Mar. 20
|Tues., Mar. 21||No class in LA 201 but you must attend the panel discussion of the Women's Leadership Conference in Sigmon Recital Hall. Try to stay for the alumna address by Bernice Cobbs if you possibly can. Register for the conference at this link (especially if you want to have lunch free at the conference).|
Cinderella and Other Heroines
|Finish discussion of transformation tales with picture books listed
2. "Tattercoats," Lechner 79-81
3. "Vasilisa the Fair," Lechner 84-88
Optional: Films Ashpet and Ever After are on reserve. Both are wonderful recent live-action adaptations of the Cinderella story. You can also read the Appalachian "Ashpet" in Chase's Grandfather Tales (on reserve). Information about it is at Ashpet.
|Guy de Maupassant, short story The
Necklace - online at http://www.bartleby.com/195/20.html.
Read the short notes on the author and story at this
site, also. Think (and write in your journals) about comparing this French
realistic story with "Cinderella."
Sexton poem, Cinderella (handout), from her book
Cinderella and Other Heroines -
|Deadline for approval of project
Boccaccio, Isabella and the Pot of Basil." Available in The Decameron, 4th Day, 5th Tale, on reserve in library, or online at http://dante.ilt.columbia.edu/books/decamer/eng/Day_04/novella_04_05.html.
Tennyson, poem "The Lady of Shalott." Online at http://www.bartleby.com/101/700.html
|Tues., 4/4||Test 2 scheduled, postponed because of power outage|
|Tues., 4/4||Extra Credit Opportunity: International Week events all week. Don't miss the Russian "Three Pigs" tale (and other talent from your fellow students) on Tuesday, 7 p.m. “A TASTE OF DIVERSITY” program, Grousbeck (international foods afterwards)|
|Thurs., 4/6||Extra Credit Opportunity:
You are invited to attend the Holocaust class for discussion of
Yolen's Briar Rose. It meets in Britt 107 at 2:00 Thursday.
There are background and reviews online at JaneYolen.com, including Yolen's essay on book burning. Why has this novel been banned in some places, and burned on the steps of the Kansas City Board of Education?
|Thurs., 4/6||Test 2 covering everything we've studied
since Test 1. See
Study Guide for Tests
Bring your journal so that Dr. Hanlon can read it during the test.
Folktale and Literature
|Folktale and Novel -
Jane Yolen, Briar Rose
See notes above for reference to Jane Yolen web site (background and reviews online at JaneYolen.com) and invitation to Holocaust class. How is this story like a mystery novel? Think about how the three different layers of story in this novel fit together: the fairy tale, the story of Becca's life and quest, and Josef Potocki's telling of his story. What does the novel reveal about the power of fairy tales and storytelling? How is Becca like (and unlike) a fairy tale heroine? Why does Gemma tell her unusual version of "Biar Rose" obsessively but not tell about her past directly?
Be sure you have your project topic approved by now. We need to schedule project reports ASAP.
Cinderella and Other Heroines
Magical, Malicious, and Monstrous Encounters
Read "Molly Whuppie" in Yolen 228-31; "Li Chi Slays the Serpent" in Yolen 210-11: "La Estrellita—Little Star" in Lechner 90-92
Also read and compare Mutsmag (online illustrated version).
Optional: Munsmeg (same tale as "Mutsmag" in Richard Chase's Grandfather Tales, which is on reserve in book and photocopy); Mutzmag film on reserve by Davenport. See also web page on variants of "Mutsmag," and related teaching materials in AppLit.
Cinderella and Other Heroines
Discuss movie Like Water for Chocolate (based on novel by Laura Esquivel), 1990s
Film is on closed reserve in library.
Optional: Read background and reviews: http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19930402/REVIEWS/304020304/1023, http://movie-reviews.colossus.net/movies/l/like_water.html.
Magical, Malicious, and Monstrous Encounters
|Paper 2 due tomorrow - see Guidelines for Papers
Play: Shakespeare, The Tempest
|F 4/21||Paper 2 due by today (leave it in Britt Hall 205 or 201)|
Tall Tales, Humorous and Satiric Tales
Tall tales: "John Henry,"
Lechner tall tales section including "Paul Bunyan"; Four Hound-Dog
Stories in Yolen, 294-95
Optional: Read/hear about
Tony Beaver, Paul Bunyan's West Virginia cousin.
Tall Tales, Humorous and Satiric Tales
Scieska and Smith, The Stinky Cheese Man (fairy tale parodies, on reserve)
Scieska and Smith, The True Story of A. Wolf (on reserve)
Other readings may be announced or distributed.
|Final exam study guide will be posted during exam week. Please submit your suggestions for this study guide.|
10:30 a.m.-12:30 p.m.
| See Study Guide for Final Exam.
By the time of the final exam, turn in complete journal (it must have been submitted seven times by now and contain the equivalent of at least 14 typed pages of writing to earn a C or better).
|Fri., 5/5||By today, turn in the writing that you want to count for your 3rd writing assignment.|
Final Requirement: HAVE A GREAT SUMMER!
05/01/06 10:46 PM
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